Both France and Spain were Catholic countries, and both were concerned with converting the natives to their religion and saving their souls, but they went about it in much different ways.
They established the colony of Quebec in Canada in and quickly developed economic and political relationships with many Indian groups in the St. Lawrence River valley and the Great Lakes. They forged a particularly strong alliance with the Huron, members of an Iroquoian-speaking tribe living along Georgian Bay in Lake Huron.
The Huron had a vast trade network in the Great Lakes that included the Indians of present-day Wisconsin.
Thus, even before the first Frenchman arrived in the area, Wisconsin Indians had already heard of their arrival in North America and received some trade goods of European manufacture. It is not known exactly when the first French explorer arrived in Wisconsin.
Etienne Brule may have reached northern Wisconsin in the s during his explorations of Lake Superior. The first Frenchman known to have definitely arrived in Wisconsin was Jean Nicolet, who landed near Green Bay in to make peace between the Huron and "the People by the sea," most likely the Siouan-speaking Ho-chunk.
He may have hoped to find the fabled Northwest Passage to Asia. He may even have thought he succeeded, for he wore a robe of Chinese silk and fired pistols upon landing. Nicolet soon found that he was not in Asia and settled for concluding a peace between the Huron, Ho-chunk, and Algonkian-speaking Menominee.
There would not be another visit to Wisconsin by the French until when two fur traders, most likely Medart Chouart Sieur Des Groseilliers and his brother-in-law, Pierre-Esprit Radisson, came to trade European goods for furs.
The two men subsequently made many other trips, and after other Frenchmen came to Wisconsin to trade with the Indians for furs, particularly beaver pelts.
Tribal Movement Westward In the twenty years between the visits of Nicolet and Groseilliers and Radisson, the human landscape of Wisconsin changed dramatically. Beginning in the s, the League of the Iroquois in upstate New York and other Iroquoian-speaking Indians began to raid and attack the Huron and other tribes to gain access to their rich fur-bearing lands.
Many refugee tribes have continued to reside in Wisconsin until the present day. This was a difficult time for all the Indians of Wisconsin, particularly the Ho-chunk and Menominee who had resided in the region prior to the onrush of refugees.
Both nations lost many tribal members to introduced European diseases the refugees brought with them and to warfare with the new peoples. Throughout Wisconsin, many Indians died of starvation due to resulting overcrowding. These poor conditions were noted by French fur traders who came to Wisconsin and by Roman Catholic missionaries who first arrived at Chequamegon Bay in and established the mission of St.
Prior to Allouez, another Jesuit--Rene Menard--also attempted to establish a mission at Chequamegon Bay inbut the effort was a failure.
Allouez's effort succeeded, and later the Jesuits established other Christian missions in the Green Bay area St. The reports and letters the Jesuit fathers sent back to Quebec and France are some of the most important sources that describe the lives of Wisconsin Indians in the s, particularly during the difficult times of the Iroquois Wars.
Forts and Trading Posts The grave situation of the Wisconsin Indians slowly improved as the threat of the Iroquois diminished over the course of the seventeenth century, but a final peace treaty between the League of the Iroquois and France and her Indian allies did not come about until During the fifty years of wars with the Iroquois, the French built forts in North America's interior that served as both military establishments and fur trading posts.
Nicholas, ; in modern-day Pepin County Fort St.This difference led to misunderstandings which often resulted in conflict.
As in the case of the Spaniards and the Indians, so in the case of the British and the Indians, the pattern was essentially repeated again and again as the whites moved inexorably to the West. However, the pattern itself was different.
Differences in the Treatment of Native Americans by the French and British Words | 2 Pages. Differences in the Treatment of Native Americans by the French and British Differences in the Treatment of Native Americans by the French and British The tribal peoples now referred to as Native Americans are a community that was brought to the brink of destruction by the combination of treatments by the .
More intermarriages took place between French settlers and Native Americans than with any other European group. This close alliance, which was based on mutual respect and good treatment from both sides, led the Natives to side with the French in their conflicts with the English settlers that came later in the ’s and into the mid’s.
San Augustín remained a small outpost throughout the Spanish colonial period; a sort of multicultural crossroads where indigenous peoples came to trade with Spaniards and intermarriage between Spanish men and American Indian women was common. The French: Like the Spanish colonies in North America, New France did not attract many French settlers.
This partnership would pay off during the French and Indian war, which, althought the French lost, showed the benefit of treat the indians well. England - The land-hungry English were constantly. The major difference between the way that the Spanish and the French treated "their" Indians was based on the respective economic and societal needs of the two European nations.