Labour had elected John Smith as its party leader inbut his death from heart attack in led the way for Tony Blair to become Labour leader. Labour also reversed its policy on unilateral nuclear disarmament and the events of Black Wednesday allowed Labour to promise greater economic management under the Chancellorship of Gordon Brown.
These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel New Labour was the dominant political force in the UK for more than a decade, but even its biggest devotees proclaim it over. Justin Parkinson looks at its rise and fall. Under Michael Foot, it suffered a landslide defeat, taking just The party's manifesto, with its pledges of unilateral nuclear disarmament and withdrawal from the European Common Market, was memorably described as the "longest suicide note in history".
Memories of the last Labour government, which had ended in economic paralysis and the "winter of discontent", were strong. The Social Democratic Party, founded by breakaway Labour moderates, was also draining support. The situation looked hopeless. Sharing a Commons office, they began discussing how Labour might, just might, become electable again.
As Labour leader he fought hard to remove the left-wing Militant tendency from the party and attempted to modernise its image and policies. Under his guidance the red rose symbol - rather than the red flag - was adopted.
Mandelson also talent-spotted Blair and Brown, to whom he became a friend and mentor. But the election saw another big loss, with the Conservatives taking a seat majority.
Brown and Blair, on the modernising wing of the party, were beginning to think much of Labour's dogma had to be cast aside if the Tories were to be beaten. They both rose under Kinnock, with Brown becoming shadow trade and industry secretary and Blair shadow home secretary.
In and Labour had expected to lose to the Tories, but in came its biggest disappointment, with a third defeat in a row. Much of the blame was placed on Labour's "shadow budget", including shadow chancellor John Smith's proposal to raise the top rate of income tax from 40p to 50p.
The Tories were able to lampoon Labour's "tax bombshell". After the election, Kinnock resigned and Smith took over the leadership, with Brown as shadow chancellor and Blair keeping the home affairs brief. Blair and Brown now wanted to beat the Tories on their own ground, making Labour appear an obvious, safe, reliable party of government.
The phrase "Tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime" was a key example of the strategy.
It differed from Tory Home Secretary Michael Howard's "Tough on crime" in appearing to offer a more fundamental solution to the problem of law-breaking, while still being hardline, rather than soft.
Blair, Brown and Mandelson, now an MP, were digesting the lessons of four election defeats. They became convinced that Labour must drop some of its old orthodoxies - such as being seen as a high-tax party - to convince the public it was ready for power.
When Smith died of a heart attack in Maythe modernisers knew their time had come. Mandelson, previously seen as closer to the early front-runner Brown, switched to back Blair. This caused a huge rift in "The Project", as the modernising scheme became known, which would last more than a decade.
Brown, though widely regarded as the senior figure in the partnership, stood aside for the more telegenic Blair after the two met to hammer out a deal at an Islington restaurant.Labour's pledges: The constitution The following page details Labour's activity in government on constitutional affairs, based on what it committed itself to in the manifesto.
Some pledges have been omitted for the sake of brevity. Labour went into the election campaign determined to avoid a fifth consecutive general election defeat. Labours links with the trade unions had been weakened and New Labour had.
run-up to its election in was the centrality of paid work. This was seen as the “best way to tackle poverty”.4 Thus whereas the manifesto contained few explicit ‘welfare’ policies, the minimum wage and the ‘new deal’ for young people Social security under New Labour.
Labour manifesto the key points, pledges and analysis Labour’s general election manifesto.
Photograph: Danny Lawson/PA A new section has been added to the manifesto promising that. In Labour ended 18 years in the political wilderness in spectacular style.
The party returned to power with a parliamentary landslide, winning the biggest majority held by any government since Tony Blair's New Labour had gained a staggering seat overall majority in the Commons as the.
Tony Blair has met 80% of his election promises, Has Labour kept its promises? the BBC's Analysis and Research Department identified manifesto commitments in the Labour manifesto and researched each one to find out whether it has been carried out.