Membership and organization[ edit ] House of Representatives[ edit ] The lower house, or House of Representatives, was to be made up of "not less than twenty-four nor more than forty members,"  until such time as the population of the republic should exceed ,
The lieutenant governorelected statewide separately from the governorpresides over the Senate, while the Speaker of the House is elected from that body by its members. Both have wide latitude in choosing committee membership in their respective houses and have a large impact on lawmaking in the state.
Only the governor may call the Legislature into special sessions, unlike other states where the legislature may call itself into session. The governor may call as many sessions as he or she desires.
For example, Governor Rick Perry called three consecutive sessions to address the Texas congressional redistricting. The Texas Constitution limits the duration of each special session to 30 days; lawmakers may consider only those issues designated by the governor in his "call," or proclamation convening the special session though other issues may be added by the Governor during a session.
Any bill passed by the Legislature takes effect 90 days after its passage unless two-thirds of each house votes to give the bill either immediate effect or earlier effect.
The Legislature may provide for an effective date that is after the 90th day. Under current legislative practice, most bills are given an effective date of September 1 in odd-numbered years September 1 is the start of the state's fiscal year.
Although members are elected on partisan ballots, both houses of the Legislature are officially organized on a nonpartisan basis, with members of both parties serving in leadership positions such as committee chairmanships.
Qualification for service[ edit ] The Texas Constitution sets the qualifications for election to each house as follows: Each senator serves a four-year term and one-half of the Senate membership is elected every two years in even-numbered years, with the exception that all the Senate seats are up for election for the first legislature following the decennial census in order to reflect the newly redrawn districts.
After the initial election, the Senate is divided by lot into two classes, with one class having a re-election after two years and the other having a re-election after four years.
A representative must be at least 21 years of age, a citizen of Texas for two years prior to election and a resident of the district from which elected one year prior to election. They are elected for two-year terms, running for re-election in even-numbered years.WASHINGTON – Congressman Lamar Smith (R-TX) today opposed the “compromise” Border Security and Immigration Reform Act.
The bill was defeated by a . Dec 12, · Best Answer: Hello I hope this essay helps you. Congress Texas Legislature Congress and the Texas Legislature: Session Length and Session Frequency The Legislature of the State of Texas is the state legislature of the U.S.
state of Texas.
The legislature is a bicameral body composed of a member Senate Status: Resolved. 38 Texas legislative primary races to watch By Texas Tribune Staff Feb.
20, In a busy primary season, races for the Texas House and Senate have drawn some of the most attention this year, with more than a dozen open seats drawing multiple candidates and incumbents across the ballot hoping to fend off spirited challengers. • Open Seat - 13 November "I have decided to not seek reelection for Representative of Texas' 29th Congressional District.
It has been an honor serving #TX29 since I was first elected in " Candidate list (15) - th Congress: Democratic: • Texas Legislature • Texas State Senate. Legislation 85th Regular Session. The 85th Regular Session of the Texas Legislature convened on Tuesday, January 10, The 31 members of the Texas Senate and the members of the Texas House of Representatives considered legislation that directly impacts the lives of .
Profiles of U.S.
Representatives and Senators that include their legislative activity.