While some fascists have adopted a back-to-nature approach, others have been utterly indifferent to environmental concerns. When they achieved state power, fascist regimes displayed a markedly ambivalent environmental record.
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This question really needs to be answered separately for different European countries that became right-wing dictatorships between and A few general points.
Fascist I will use the term loosely, strictly speaking it is specific to Italy: Germany was Nazi ideas drew on developments in nineteenth century thought that stressed the importance of nationalism, developed ideas of inherited intelligence and interpreted the new science of genetics, and of evolution, in racist ways.
To go into detail about this you would have to consider the work of philsophers like Hegel and Nietsche neither were fascists, but their ideas influenced fascism and of nineteent centruy scientists in foelds such as archaeology and philology study of the origins of language.
The chaos caused by the First World War undoubtedly helped people look for new political systems. On the one hand the looked to communism, and fascism was a reaction to this by people who believed that human society was inevitably hierarchically structured.
The needs for an alternative to communism made it attractive for financiers and industrialists to give fascists essential right-wing support. In Germany, willingness of right-wing parties, including the Nazis, to repudiate Versailles, and hence to rearm, was a major factor. However, the rise of Fascism cannot be ex[plained entirely in relation to the First World War because of the rise to power of Franco in Spain, which had been neutral although it had been humiliated by the loss of its colonies in war between Spain and the United States in The chronic economic depression of the years -and in particular of the great slump followingappeared largely due the free market cultivated by liberal democracies, specifically the United States and United Kingdom, between the wars.
However, an expanation along these lines needs to take into account that the Weimar republic of s Germany was to a considerable extent run on democratic socialist principles as the Social Democrats were the largest party in the coalition governments.
Issues relating to ideology, economics and the legacy of past conflicts are clearly important in explaining the rise of fascism.
However, a short anwer is likely to be oversimplistic about them This is very dangerous. In recent years, politicians have got away with some very undesirable totalitarian policies.
One reason is that if prewar precedents are pointed out the objector is too often criticised and ignored for labelling people as "fascist" instead of being listened to seriously.Spain was clearly polarized between groups 33 University of Delhi Fascism in Italy, Germany & Spain Jitendra Kumar inspired by the Soviet, who feared the fascists, and the right, which was inspired by Hitler and Mussolini and feared the communists.
The Falange's original manifesto, the "Twenty-Seven Points", declared Falangism to support the unity of Spain and the elimination of regional separatism, the establishment of a dictatorship led by the Falange, utilizing violence to regenerate Spain, and promoting the revival and development of the Spanish Empire.
Prior to Fascism's accommodations to the political right, Fascism was a small, urban, northern Italian movement that had about a thousand members. After Fascism's accommodation of the political right, the Fascist movement's membership soared to approximately , by The church also played a major role in all of the European fascist countries (Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal) as the authority on religious and moral issues, which was opposed to .
Fascism in other Countries. Spain was another fascist country in Europe. General Franco led a nationalist movement in the Spanish Civil War, in which he got help from Italy and Germany. After winning the war Franco became dictator of Spain and ruled the country until he died in Aug 25, · Fascism originated in Italy around , when then-Marxist Benito Mussolini – yes, Italy’s former Duce was a Marxist at first!
– founded the so-called ‘Fasci di Combattimiento’, fighting forces consisting of World War I kaja-net.coms: 2.
One difference between fascism and communism was (A)fascism had no clearly defined political program (B)communism denied individual rights (C)fascism was rule by dictators (D)the state was the supreme authority in communism. The rise of communism in Spain can perhaps be attributed to many causes: the Spanish Civil War in ; the failure of democracy in that country; and, the lack of support coming from democratic nations around the world such as England and France during the war. Francisco Franco declared himself President and Head of State. Franco was a firm believer in Catholicism and tried to exterminate non-Catholics in Spain both during and after the Civil War. Spain's army was so weak that Hitler preferred that Spain remain neutral in World War II, .