There is a small, but powerful group of individuals who are the architects and instigators behind the formation and implementation of this "New World Order". A government run by the same small group of elite that have ruled the masses for a very long time under various guises. These elite are the descendents of those that ruled for at least the past two centuries - kings and queens, bankers, robber barrons, priests, and assorted subservient oligarchs and media representatives.
See Article History Alternative Title: In the latter months of he came to dominate the Committee of Public Safetythe principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terrorbut in he was overthrown and executed in the Thermidorian Reaction.
Early life Robespierre was the son of a lawyer in Arras. From he attended the college of the Oratorians at Arras, and in he was awarded a scholarship to the famous college of Louis-le-Grand in Pariswhere he distinguished himself in philosophy and law.
He received a law degree in and became a lawyer at Arras, where he set up house with his sister Charlotte. His private practice provided him with a comfortable income. He was admitted to the Arras Academy in and soon became its chancellor and later its president. Contrary to the long-held belief that Robespierre led an isolated life, he often visited local notables and mingled with the young people of the district.
By Robespierre was already well known for his altruism. In March the citizens of Arras chose him as one of their representatives, and the Third Estate the commons of the bailiwick elected him fifth of the eight deputies from Artois.
Thus he began his political career at the age of Leadership of the Jacobins Robespierre preserved his frugal way of life, his careful dress and grooming, and his simple manners both at Versailles and later in Paris. He quickly attracted attention in an assembly that included some distinguished names.
He probably made his maiden speech on May 18,and he was to speak more than times during the life of the National Assembly.
He succeeded in making himself heard despite the weak carrying power of his voice and the opposition he aroused, and his motions were usually applauded.
In April he had presided over the Jacobinsa political club promoting the ideas of the French Revolution. In October he was appointed a judge of the Versailles tribunal. Robespierre nevertheless decided to devote himself fully to his work in the National Assembly, where the constitution was being drawn up.
Grounded in ancient history and the works of the French philosophers of the Enlightenmenthe welcomed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizenwhich formed the preamble of the French constitution of September 3,and he insisted that all laws should conform to it.
He fought for universal suffrage, for unrestricted admission to the national guard, to public offices, and to the commissioned ranks of the army, and for the right to petition. He opposed the royal veto, the abuses of ministerial power, and religious and racial discrimination.
He defended actors, Jews, and black slaves and supported the reunion of Avignon, formerly a papal possession, with France in September His passionate fight for liberty won him more enemies, who called him a dangerous individual—and worse.
After the flight of Louis XVI June 20—21,for which Robespierre vainly demanded his trial, the slanders against the Revolutionary deputy became twice as violent.
Martial law was proclaimed, and at the Champ-de-Mars the national guard—under the command of the marquis de Lafayettea moderate who wanted to save the monarchy—opened fire on a group demanding the abdication of the king. Robespierre, his life threatened, went to live with the family of the cabinetmaker Maurice Duplay.
He managed to keep the Jacobin Club alive after all of its moderate members had joined a rival club. When the National Assembly dissolved itself, the people of Paris organized a triumphal procession for Robespierre.
Although he had excluded himself and his colleagues from the new Legislative AssemblyRobespierre continued to be politically active, giving up the lucrative post of public prosecutor of Paris, to which he had been elected in June Henceforth, he spoke only at the Jacobin Club, where he was to be heard about times, until August There he opposed the European war that Jacques-Pierre Brissot was advocating as a means of spreading the aims of the Revolution.
He denounced the secret intrigues of the court and of the royalists, their collusion with Austria, the unpreparedness of the army, and the possible treason of aristocratic officers whose dismissal he demanded in February He attacked Lafayette, who had become the commander of the French army and whom he suspected of wanting to set up a military dictatorship, but failed to obtain his dismissal and arrest.
The reverses suffered by the French army after France had declared war on Austria and Prussia had been foreseen by Robespierre, and, when invasion threatened, the people rallied to him. Although he had defined the aims of insurrection, he hesitated to advocate it: But that same afternoon his section an administrative subdivision of ParisLes Piquesnominated him to the insurrectional Commune.
As a member of the electoral assembly of Paris, he heard about the September Massacres of imprisoned nobles and clergy by Parisian crowds. He exonerated the mob, and on September 5 the people of Paris elected him to head the delegation to the National Convention.The years of mark the Reign of Terror, a period of mass executions directed by the Montagnards' Committee of Public Safety and the Revolutionary Tribunal in an attempt to rid France of counterrevolutionaries.
While the Committee of Public Safety wasn't an executive government—on August 1st, , the Convention refused a motion calling for it to become the provisional government; it was the closest France had to anyone being in overall charge, and it moved to .
Member of the Committee of Public Safety; In office 27 July – 28 July Preceded by: Thomas-Augustin de Gasparin: Succeeded by: Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne: President of the National Convention. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at kaja-net.com Maximilien Robespierre is one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. He was instrumental in the period of the Revolution commonly known as the Reign of Terror, which ended with his arrest and execution in
The role of the Committee of Public Safety included the governance of the war (including the appointment of generals), the appointing of judges and juries for the Revolutionary Tribunal, the provisioning of the armies and the public, the maintenance of public order and oversight of the state bureaucracy.
When Robespierre called for a new purge in , he seemed to threaten the other members of the Committee of Public Safety. The Jacobins had had enough. Cambon rose in the Convention and said "It is time to tell the whole truth.
The so-called Committee of Public Safety, which directed the Terror, ordered 2, executions in July in Paris alone, and across France 30, people lost their lives. R. Palmer's Twelve Who Ruled is the classic study of the twelve men who made up the committee, the most famous of /5(4).
The Committee of Public Safety (French, Du Comite de Salut Public) has become a powerful symbol of the French Revolution. Formed by the National Convention in April , the Committee was intended to function as a war council and de facto executive cabinet.