Directly Quoting Summarizing Paraphrase "Which option you should choose depends on how much of a source you are using, how you are using it, and what kind of paper you are writing, since different fields use sources in different ways. When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize a Source.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.
Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: An individual webpage should be in quotation marks.
The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works.
Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc.General Turabian Formatting This will present some basics about writing the body of your paper.
Voice and Writing Style.
The paper should be written in . The Writing Center A Guide to Chicago or Turabian Documentation Style The Chicago or Turabian style, sometimes called documentary note or humanities style, places bibliographic citations at the bottom of a page or at the end of a paper.
Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, edited by Wayne C. Booth. Studybay is an academic writing service for students: essays, term papers, dissertations and much more! We're trusted and chosen by many students all over the world!
MLA (Modern Language Association) style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature.
MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work. An Overview of the Primary Requirements of Turabian papers.
Most basic concepts concerning Turabian style writing are virtually similar to the Chicago style which is more commonly used than Turabian. Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. Contents. Citation Quick Guide.