Preliminaries Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: In any case, these two works cover more or less the same ground: Both treatises examine the conditions in which praise or blame are appropriate, and the nature of pleasure and friendship; near the end of each work, we find a brief discussion of the proper relationship between human beings and the divine.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? He was deeply interested in the idea of cause and purpose. In ethics, any theory that looks at how we become better people over time, or that looks at how we move towards our purpose is called a teleological theory, from the Greek word telos meaning goal or purpose.
Virtue ethics is teleological because it argues that we should practice being good, or virtuous people over time. It is known as aretaic ethics from the Greek word arete meaning excellence or virtue. Virtue ethics is not concerned with what we ought to do, but with what kind of person we should try to become.
Aristotle argued that every action we perform is directed towards some purpose, that it tries to achieve something.
He then argued that there are superior and subordinate aims. Subordinate aims are what we have to achieve first, before we achieve superior aims, for example, if you are hungry which might be a superior aim you need to make a sandwich to achieve that aim.
Making the sandwich becomes a subordinate aim. The aim of life Aristotle argued that the superior aim of human life is to achieve something called eudaemonia. Aristotle argued that this is the aim that should govern our lives: Eudaemonia is achieved when we become virtuous and Aristotle argued that this is a process that we grow towards by practising virtues.
It is much like learning to play a musical instrument: All the characters in the books have daemons and Pullman says of them: Aristotle saw politicians as seekers of honour. These are people who try to find solutions to important problems and get a sense of honour from doing that.
Those who love contemplation: Aristotle believed that the lowest forms of happiness are those found by the pleasure seekers. In plants, the anima or soul produces the search for nourishment and food, and in animals, the anima produces the ability to move.
Humans have these two characteristics, but also the ability to reason. It is for this reason that he believed we should strive to achieve something better with our lives than simply living from pleasure to pleasure.Aristotle is the founding father of most virtue ethics theories, while some versions have incorporated Plato, Kant and Hume their contributions to the theory of virtue ethics is less emphasized (Athanassouulis, ).
Virtue theory is often thought of as a dynamic theory of how to conduct business activities (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, , p). Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics /ˌærəˈteɪɪk/, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind and character.
Virtue ethicists discuss the nature and definition of virtues and other related problems. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived between and BCE.
He was deeply interested in the idea of cause and purpose. On the Foundation Paper, you will have explored the ideas of the Four Causes and the Prime Mover. An Essay on the Principle of Virtue Ethics.
The principle of virtue ethics was pioneered by philosopher Aristotle who proposed that moral virtue is a state of character and that virtues are found within a person’s character.
This principle of virtue ethics can be traced in Aristotle’s Nicomachean and Eudemian treatises on ethics. Virtue Ethics Notes Virtue Ethics Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived between and BCE. He was deeply interested in the idea of cause and purpose.
Virtue Ethics is a moral philosophy commonly attributed to Plato and Aristotle. The meaning of the word “virtue” for both was that of excellence.
Although there are differences in their individual schools of thought, their outlook on morality is more or less the same.